After decades of investigation establishing principles in animal models, it has become possible to treat and cure some diseases in humans by interventions that target immunological functions. Immunotherapy, described by Science magazine as the Breakthrough of the Year in 2013, has led to major changes in the standard of care for some diseases and is particularly useful in infectious disease, autoimmunity, allergy/asthma and especially cancer.
While the University of Colorado School of Medicine has a strong foundation in basic immunology, it lags peer institutions in development and application of immunotherapeutic approaches. Each year dozens of patients are sent from the Anschutz Medical Campus to other centers to receive immunotherapy. In addition, investigators here are unable to compete successfully for many research and clinical trial opportunities because the campus lacks organized immune monitoring capability and ready availability of experimental models for preclinical testing of new candidate therapeutics.
The Human Immunology and Immunotherapy Initiative will develop needed infrastructure, train future scientific leaders and recruit faculty to complement existing strengths, with the goal of establishing preeminence in human immune system-targeted therapies.
The integrated campus with outstanding facilities for biomedical research, patient care, medical education and biotechnology provides an exceptionally strong foundation from which the existing immunology and clinical programs can expand their focus to become preeminent in human immunology and immunotherapy.
Core strength on immunology lies in the Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Department of Medicine Divisions of Allergy & Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology and in the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes. Complementing this community are affiliate faculty at National Jewish Health. Taken together the current core comprises more than 70 faculty and their laboratories. The focus of this community lies primarily in understanding basic immune functions, autoimmunity, and host pathogen interactions. The HI3 will leverage this expertise to establish preeminence in development and delivery of next-generation immunotherapies. New faculty and infrastructure will bridge this expertise to clinical and service elements described below.
The University of Colorado NCI-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center is ranked 15th in the nation by US News and World Report. The UCCCC an NCCN member center since 2013 and a member of the ORIEN network since 2015. The center spans multiple campuses and clinical hospital facilities, brings together expertise in basic and clinical sciences, with a strong tradition of transdisciplinary research and translation.
The Department of Medicine Division of Medical Oncology has a significant number of physician-scientists collaborating within the Division and the Cancer Center. The Department of Medicine Division of Hematology/Hematological Malignancies/Bone Marrow Transplant has recently expanded, adding physician-scientists focused on leukemia and lymphomas, with interest in the delivery of cell-based therapies.
The Department of Surgery is growing a major focus of research in tumor immunology under the direction of its new chair Richard Schulick. A strong transplant immunology program also currently exists in the Department.
The Department of Neurology’s Neuroimmunology/Multiple Sclerosis Section encompasses one of the largest MS clinical operations in the nation with approximately 9,000 patient visits per year at its four clinic sites, is the home of the country’s largest MS brain biorepository, a National MS Society funded Collaborative MS Research Center, and supports a multi-million dollar research portfolio.
The clinical home of the Department of Pediatrics is Children’s Hospital Colorado. The hospital’s Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders houses the region’s only Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Program, the only program for adolescents and young adults with cancer, the only Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, the only Meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) Program and the only pediatric Experimental Therapeutics Program.
ClinImmune Labs, an FDA-licensed GMP facility Bioscience II, is active in production of clinical grade hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells. ClinImmune functions in compliance of all FDA guidance and has an experienced regulatory team that has successfully filed with the FDA for both investigational new devices and biologic license applications.
Gates Biomanufacturing Facility consists of 14,000-square-feet of total space with 3,800-square-feet of dedicated to clean activities. This facility offers the capability to manufacture both cell-therapy- and protein-based biologics.
John Cambier, PhD, Director
Dan Theodorescu, MD, PhD, Co-Director
Andrew Fontenot, MD, Co-Director
Aimee Bernard, PhD, Administrative Director
Jill Slansky, PhD, Director, Human Immune Monitoring Facility
Roberta Pelanda, PhD, Director, Networking and Preclinical Models
Bryan Haugen, MD, Director, Training
Craig Jordan, PhD, Director, GMP Immunotherapy Production