Typically, functional and restorative neurosurgery involves minimally invasive procedures performed through small incisions or openings in the skull, often with the assistance of image guidance and intraoperative navigation systems. Functional and restorative neurosurgery uses cutting-edge technology to restore lost neurological function or prevent further functional declines.
Historically, neurosurgery has improved the environment of the nervous system to promote maximal spontaneous recovery of function. The population of patients whom we treat at present is a small portion of those who suffer from disabling neurological illnesses, but with advanced techniques and ongoing research, this number is growing. Restorative neurosurgery is advancing the frontiers of our specialty, and providing the potential to restore lost function. Significant advancements in gene therapy, the discovery and delivery of neurotrophic factors, and cell transplantation now require neurosurgeons to broaden the scope of our practice so that it includes the restoration of function in an enormous number of patients with acquired, degenerative and idiopathic neurological diseases. In order to meet the present challenge, neurosurgeons must broaden our vision, our role, and our future educational goals.
Stephen Ojemann, MD
Associate Professor, Neurosurgery
Director, Stereotactic & Functional Neurosurgery
Functional Neurosurgery is a Multidisciplinary Specialty
It would not be possible to perform this type of surgery without the help of numerous specialists, including neurologists, radiologists, engineers, and more. Here are some of our partners:
Curt Freed, MD, Division Head, Pharmacology
Professor of Medicine
Deep brain stimulation is an established treatment for people with movement disorders, such as essential tremor, Parkinson's disease and dystonia, and psychiatric conditions, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an elective surgical procedure in which electrodes are implanted into certain brain areas. These electrodes, or leads, generate electrical impulses that control abnormal brain activity. The electrical impulses can also adjust for the chemical imbalances within the brain that cause various conditions. Stimulation of brain areas is controlled by a programmable generator that is placed under the skin in the upper chest.
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Different surgeries are available for different types of epilepsy . These include:
For more information about epilepsy surgery, please click on the link to the left.