Functional & Movement Disorder Neurosurgery Program of Excellence

functional landing

Typically, functional and restorative neurosurgery involves minimally invasive procedures performed through small incisions or openings in the skull, often with the assistance of image guidance and intraoperative navigation systems. Functional and restorative neurosurgery uses cutting-edge technology to restore lost neurological function or prevent further functional declines. 

functional 250 1Historically, neurosurgery has improved the environment of the nervous system to promote maximal spontaneous recovery of function. The population of patients whom we treat at present is a small portion of those who suffer from disabling neurological illnesses, but with advanced techniques and ongoing research, this number is growing.  Restorative neurosurgery is advancing the frontiers of our specialty, and providing the potential to restore lost function. Significant advancements in gene therapy, the discovery and delivery of neurotrophic factors, and cell transplantation now require neurosurgeons to broaden the scope of our practice so that it includes the restoration of function in an enormous number of patients with acquired, degenerative and idiopathic neurological diseases. In order to meet the present challenge, neurosurgeons must broaden our vision, our role, and our future educational goals.

Functional Neurosurgery is a Multidisciplinary Specialty

It would not be possible to perform this type of surgery without the help of numerous specialists, including neurologists, radiologists, engineers, and more.   Here are some of our partners:


  • Cornelia Drees – Epilepsy
  • Drew Kern – Functional Movement Disorders
  • Maureen Leehy – Movement Disorders
  • Mark Spitz – Epilepsy
  • Lauren Frey- Epilepsy
  • Laura Strom- Functional Neurological Disorders
  • Archena Shrestha- Epilepsy                               

Clinical Pharmacology 

Curt Freed, MD, Division Head, Pharmacology Professor of Medicine


Steven Ojemann

Stephen Ojemann, MD
Associate Professor, Neurosurgery
Director, Stereotactic & Functional Neurosurgery

kramer Daniel Kramer, MD
Assistant Professor

Supporting Neurologist in Complex Movement Disorders 

KernDrew Kern, MD, MS
Associate Professor


Modalities Offered

  • Craniotomy for intractable epilepsy
  • Intra-operative EEG monitoring
  • Intracranial electrode grid placement
  • Vagal nerve stimulation
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS) – movement disorder
  • Neuro-transplantation
  • Neuropace

Lesions treated

  • Movement disorders secondary to Parkinson's, essential tremor, dystonia
  • Intractable epilepsy
  • Pain

About Deep Brain Stimulation

functional 300Deep brain stimulation is an established treatment for people with movement disorders, such as essential tremor, Parkinson's disease and dystonia, and psychiatric conditions, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder.  Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an elective surgical procedure in which electrodes are implanted into certain brain areas. These electrodes, or leads, generate electrical impulses that control abnormal brain activity. The electrical impulses can also adjust for the chemical imbalances within the brain that cause various conditions. Stimulation of brain areas is controlled by a programmable generator that is placed under the skin in the upper chest.  
For more information, p
lease click on one of the links in the column to the left.

 About Epilepsy Surgery

Different surgeries are available for different types of epilepsy . These include:

For more information about epilepsy surgery, please click on one of the links in the column to the left.

To make an appointment 
call 720.848.2080

Neurosurgery (SOM)

CU Anschutz

Academic Office One

12631 East 17th Avenue


Aurora, CO 80045


CU Anschutz

University Hospital - Neurosurgery Patient Affairs

12605 E 16th Ave

Aurora, CO 80045


CMS Login