Deep Brain Stimulation is a type of brain surgery used to improve the control of movement in patients with movement disorders. The deep brain stimulation procedure attempts to block the abnormal activity of neurons that cause debilitating neuromuscular problems. DBS is not a cure for any disease. The goal of DBS is to help control symptoms of the condition, such as improving the control of movement, to help to provide a better quality of life.
The procedure involves implanting thin wires with attached electrodes into specific areas of the brain. Certain parts of the brain control different parts of the body. Based on the disorder and detailed information about the patient’s symptoms, the surgical team determines where the electrodes will be placed.
The wires run from the electrodes under the skin and connect to a small pulse generator, similar to a heart pacemaker, which is placed under the skin of the chest near the collarbone. Several weeks after all implant surgeries are complete, the implanted generator is programmed and adjusted to best control symptoms.
The success of the DBS procedure is highly dependent on the ability of the surgical team to effectively place and program the electrode stimulators. Experience and collaboration is crucial.
Deep Brain Stimulation is not appropriate for all patients. The DBS group at University of Colorado Hospital recommends that the following conditions be met: