Our Treatment Approach

Our treatment algorithm is shown below. For more detail, please read our publication in the American Journal of Roentgenology:

Algorithmic Multimodality Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal CSF Leak and Venous Fistula in Patients With Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

Treatment Algorithm

The images below show the three main types of cerebrospinal-fluid leaks that can cause spontaneous intracranial hypotension: dural defects, ruptured perineural cysts, and CSF venous fistulas.

Dural Defect
Ruptured Perineural Cyst
CSF Venous Fistula