Happy Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month! Visit the official Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month website for more resources and a calendar of virtual events happening throughout May.
May 5: Cinco de Mayo is the Mexican holiday commemorating the Mexican army’s 1862 victory over France at the Battle of Puebla during the Franco-Mexican War (1861-1867). This day celebrates Mexican culture and heritage, including parades, traditional Mexican dancing, and mariachi music performances.
Museums are an important tool in the process of the democratization of knowledge, culture, and art, since they contribute to cultural exchange thanks to their valuable exhibitions, pedagogical work, closeness and direct interpellation that these tasks have with visitors. This can favor the understanding and knowledge of various cultural, political and artistic aspects that develop in different societies that at first sight may seem foreign to us.
The role of museums not only focuses on conservation and research but through their tasks of exhibition and communication contribute to the transformation of reality of the communities, they establish a permanent dialogue about what society was, is and it may be in the future. Thanks to the internet and technology, we can currently visit important museums from the comfort of our homes. (Mexicanist, 4/19/20)
Museum of the Palace of Fine Arts (Mexico City)
Inaugurated in 1934 with the name of the Museum of Plastic Arts, it is considered the first museum in Mexico. Currently, the Museum of the Palace of Fine Arts permanently exhibits 17 mural works by Diego Rivera, Manuel Rodríguez Lozano, Roberto Montenegro, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Rufino Tamayo and Jorge González Camarena dating from 1928 to 1963.
Museum of Modern Art (Mexico City)
It was founded in 1964 on the initiative of President Adolfo López Mateos with the aim of preserving and disseminating Mexican art from the 1930s. The Museum has 4 rooms and three galleries, and among its collection are pieces by artists such as Frida Kahlo, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Emir Jair, Roberto Montenegro, José Clemente Orozco, Louis Henri Jean Charlot, Juan Soriano, Juan O'Gorman, and Diego Riveras.
National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico (sign in with Google)
The National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico is one of the most important anthropological museums in the Americas. It has a very important cultural work since it houses archaeological pieces from all the peoples of Mesoamerica. The objects that form the collection are a testimony of the ethnic diversity of the country. The museum's art and archaeological remains highlight various aspects of Mexico's indigenous cultures. It is the type of museum that seeks to recover part of the history and culture of a country. The indigenous peoples are the protagonists of the collection, which aims to restore importance to the cultures that existed before the European invasion.
National Museum of Mexican Art (Chicago; sign in with Google account) The National Museum of Mexican Art stands out as one of the most prominent first-voice institutions for Mexican art and culture in the U.S. We are home to one of the country’s largest Mexican art collections, including more than 10,000 seminal pieces from ancient Mexico to the present.
National Museum of Art (Mexico City; sign in with Google account)
The National Museum of Art (MUNAL), founded in 1982 and located in the historical center of Mexico City, hosts the most important collection of Mexican art in the country. The collection was created by merging the national stock the National Fine Arts Institute (INBA) had held since 1946, which, in turn, came from a variety of institutions, the Modern Art Museum, the San Carlos Museum, and the San Diego Viceregal Painting Gallery.
Frida Kahlo Museum (sign in with Google)
This museum is popularly known as the Blue House, the building in which the artist lived for most of her life and has been preserved as it was then. The collection includes her paintings, personal art collection, photography, and samples of her clothing and orthopedic appliances.
From Suffrage to Equity. 65 Years of the Vote of Women in Mexico (General Archive of the Nation–Mexico)
In the elections of July 3, 1955, Mexican women went to the polls for the first time to cast their vote, to elect the federal deputies of the XLIII Legislature. (Video, 2 mins.)
The Return to Aztlán (Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery)
This portrait links modern civil rights leaders Dolores Huerta and César Chávez to historic figures Emiliano Zapata, Miguel Hidalgo, and José María Morelos, who shared their Mexican heritage and a commitment to justice.
The Birth of the States of the Mexican Republic Part I (General Archive of the Nation–Mexico)
In 1821, the Mexican government declared independence from Spain and adopted an Imperial model of governance that didn't last long. In less than a year after the coronation of Agustin I, it was decided that Mexico would become a federal republic constituted by free states.
A Background Look at the Birth of the States of the Mexican Republic (General Archive of the Nation–Mexico)
Before the consolidation of the Mexican territory as a Federal Republic, the Consummation of Independence and the coronation of Augustine I as Emperor of the First Empire were important factors that influenced the creation of the state.
Encounter with the Constitution of 1917 (General Archive of the Nation–Mexico)
On February 5, 1917, the Magna Carta that currently governs and protects the rights of Mexicans was promulgated in Mexico. At the time it was considered the most modern Constitution of its time.
National Mexican Hymn (General Archive of the Nation–Mexico)
The General Archive of the Nation preserves the original score, endorsed by the three powers of the Union, of the National Anthem, this document establishes how it should be interpreted by all Mexicans.
Mancacoyota (Google Arts & Culture) Zoom into Alberto Ramos Martínez' monumental portrait of Mexican nobility.
Tune In to Maria Izquierdo's Allegory of Freedom (Google Arts & Culture)
Take a short audio tour of the Mexican painter's allegorical work from the Colección Blaisten.
10 Facts About Diego Rivera (Google Arts & Culture)
The founder of the Mexican Mural Movement left his mark across the Americas.
10 Facts About Frida Kahlo (Google Arts & Culture)
The Mexican painter and political activist led a troubled life and left a lasting legacy.
Fundación Universidad de las Américas Puebla (San Andrés Cholula, Mexico)
Since its creation, Universidad de las Américas Puebla (UDLAP) has been a private university devoted to preserving artistic heritage and promoting the artwork of Mexican Fine Artists. Donations made by artists, teachers and alumni have played an essential role in creating the UDLAP Art Collection, which comprises almost 600 works employing various techniques such as painting, sculpture, graphics, photography, contemporary Talavera ceramic, and new media art. Moreover, UDLAP has the largest collection of 20th Century Mexican art of the country, which has been part of many art exhibitions in Mexico and the United States.
Museo Dolores Olmedo (Mexico City; sign in with Google account)
Located in Xochimilco, at Mexico City's southern extreme, the Dolores Olmedo Museum is housed in a rambling stone structure, originally dating from the Sixteenth Century, formerly known as the Hacienda La Noria. By donating her art collection to the people of Mexico, Dolores Olmedo Pati F1o (1908-2002) created a cohesive whole, where treasures of the fine arts were incorporated into colonial construction added during the Seventeenth Century, surrounded by lush gardens, shaded by singularly Mexican plant species, and inhabited by gorgeous animals like the magical peacocks--seemingly confected of living jewels and the enigmatic hairless Xoloiztcuintle dogs, a Precolumbian breed that is unique to behold and warm to the touch.
The Mexican Museum (San Francisco; sign in with Google account)
Most people don’t even think about the pronouns by which they want to be referred – and certainly almost automatically assign pronouns to others based on that individual’s outward appearance or assumption of their gender. For the vast majority of people, pronouns just don’t seem that important. For transgender and gender diverse individuals, however, pronouns are vitally important in affirming their own gender identity. Consider adding your pronouns to your e-mail signature to show your commitment to inclusion. These simple acts speak volumes to our transgender and gender diverse colleagues and patients. Also, when meeting someone for the first time, don’t assume which pronouns they use (or that they know which pronouns you use). Introduce yourself with your name and then simply state, “I use she/her/hers (or he/him/his, they/them/theirs, etc.)”, which pronouns do you use?” You’ll show that you care and respect that individual’s identity and sense of self.