November 2023

  • Division matches full cohort of outstanding ID fellows for 2024 
  • Recent publications from Drs. Charles Dinarello, Neena Thomas-Gosain, Stephen Morris, Nina Millman, Kristine Erlandson, Alyssa Castillo, Jose Castillo-Mancilla, and Eddie Stenehjem
  • Awards received by Drs. Lakshmi Chauhan and Timothy Jenkins (Clinical Excellence Society of the Department of Medicine) and Dr. Katherine Frasca (S.T.A.R Outstanding Faculty Award)
  • Inspirational patient experience quotes from the month of November recognizing Drs. Nipun Atri, Sara Scherrer, Hillary Dunlevy, Larissa Pisney, and Steven Johnson

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September and October 2023

  • Congratulations and thanks to Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman, winners of the 2023 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for groundbreaking mRNA vaccine science
  • Announcing leadership transition: Dr. Eric Poeschla to step down as division head on January 1, 2024, Dr. Eddie Stenehjem to serve in interim
  • Recent publications from Drs. Maheen Abidi, Timothy Jenkins, Samantha (Sam) Kaplan, Brian Grundy, Kristine Erlandson, and Andrés Henao-Martinez
  • Awards received by Dr. Mary Bessesen (2023 VASPID Lifetime Achievement Award) and Andrés Henao-Martinez (New Fellow of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
  • Announcing that the Infectious Diseases Clinical Trials Unit (formerly the Colorado AIDS Clinical Trials Unit) is now established to support clinical trials of treatments and preventions for a broad range of infectious diseases

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August 2023

  • Announcing the appointment of Dr. Robert (Bob) Belknap as the Executive Director of the Public Health Institute at Denver Health
  • Recent publications from Drs. Laura Damioli, Zach Shepard, Lilian Vargas Barahona, Andrés Henao-Martinez, and an upcoming publication from the Dinarello Lab
  • Grants received by Dr. Dan Frank and Marisa Brightman
  • Recognizing eight division members named as top Denver-area doctors by 5280 Magazine: Drs. Maheen Abidi, Bob Belknap, Tom Campbell, Lakshmi Chauhan, Gwen Huitt, Steve Johnson, Nancy Madinger, and Cara Wilson

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June & July 2023

  • Announcing the appointment of Dr. Lakshmi Chauhan as the Infectious Diseases Associate Head for Clinical Affairs
  • Announcing the appointment of Dr. Brian Montague as the Infectious Diseases Director of Quality & Patient Safety
  • Recent publications from Drs. Lindsay Nicholson, Kristine Erlandson, Cory Hussain, Brian Montague, and Sarah Rowan
  • Grants received by Drs. Cara Wilson (MSTP Program), and Lakshmi Chauhan (AB Nexus Award)

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Welcome to the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. This message is addressed to our colleagues, patients and members of the public with an interest in the problems and challenges of infectious diseases.

Our faculty, more than 70 and growing, take care of patients with infectious diseases in the mountain west and across the world, do scientific research on major infectious disease (ID) health problems, and educate the next generation of physicians and scientists in our field.

We work mainly at three sites located across the Denver metropolitan area:

1. The Anschutz Medical Campus (AMC). The AMC, which contains the School of Medicine (SOM) and is located in Aurora, just east of the Denver city line, was built to accommodate the growth of the SOM and fulfill its need for cutting edge facilities for research, education, and clinical missions. Many of the Infectious Diseases Division faculty are located physically in Research Complex 2 in the research quadrangle, where we have state of the art laboratories and bio-containment facilities for work with infectious agents. AMC ID physicians, physician assistants and nurse... practitioners take care of hospitalized patients in the University of Colorado Hospital (UCH). We take care of outpatients in our Infectious Disease Group Practice (IDGP) in the UCH outpatient pavilion.

2. Denver Health (DH). This municipal, integrated model public health care system serves a broad range of patients in Colorado, with education and research as two of its strategic pillars. DH is comprised of the Denver Health Medical Center (DHMC), a community health program with 8 centers and 16 school-based clinics in Denver, and the City and County health department (Denver Public Health, DPH). Infectious Diseases faculty are located in both DPH and the Department of Medicine of DHMC. Denver Public Health clinics include the ID Clinic and Center for Positive Health (HIV), the Denver Metro Tuberculosis (TB) Clinic serving the 7-county Metro area for diagnosis and treatment of TB and latent TB infection, and the Immunization and Travel Clinic (over 21,000 vaccinations to 10,000 patients per year). DHMC, in partnership with the Colorado Department of Health and Environment, is one of nine designated regional Ebola and other special pathogen treatment centers in the U.S.

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Frost HM, Sebastian T, Keith A, et al. COVID-19 and Acute Otitis Media in Children: A Case Series. J Prim Care Community Health. 2022;13:21501319221082350. doi:10.1177/21501319221082351

Dillon SM, Mickens KL, Thompson TA, et al. Granzyme B(+) CD4 T cells accumulate in the colon during chronic HIV-1 infection. Gut Microbes. 2022;14(1):2045852. doi:10.1080/19490976.2022.2045852

Chastain DB, Osae SP, Thomas GM, et al. Clinical Severity on Hospital Admission for COVID-19: An Analysis of Social Determinants of Health From an Early Hot Spot in the Southeastern U.S. J Prim Care Community Health. 2022;13:21501319221092244. doi:10.1177/21501319221092244

Chastain DB, Henao-Martínez AF, Dykes AC, et al. Missed opportunities to identify cryptococcosis in COVID-19 patients: a case report and literature review. Ther Adv Infect Dis. 2022;9:20499361211066364. doi:10.1177/20499361211066363

Castleman MJ, Stumpf MM, Therrien NR, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection relaxes peripheral B cell tolerance. J Exp Med. 2022;219(6):e20212553. doi:10.1084/jem.20212553

Higuita NA, Suarez JA, Millender E, et al. U.S. bound journey of migrant peoples InTransit across Dante’s Inferno and Purgatory in the Americas. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022;47:102317. doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2022.102317

Ballandras-Colas A, Chivukula V, Gruszka DT, et al. Multivalent interactions essential for lentiviral integrase function. Nat Commun. 2022;13(1):2416. doi:10.1038/s41467-022-29928-8

McWhirter L, Lou Y, Reingold S, et al. Rates of Appropriate Treatment and Follow-Up Testing After a Gonorrhea and/or Chlamydia Infection in an Urban Network of Federally Qualified Health Center  Systems. Sex Transm Dis. 2022;49(5):319-324. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001600

Pandey S, Hu Y, Bushman LR, Castillo-Mancilla J, Anderson PL, Cooks RG. Miniature mass spectrometer-based point-of-care assay for cabotegravir and rilpivirine in whole blood. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2022;414(11):3387-3395. doi:10.1007/s00216-022-03954-3

Hoover RK, Krsak M, Molina KC, Shah K, Redell M. Kimyrsa, An Oritavancin-Containing Product: Clinical Study and Review of Properties. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022;9(5):ofac090. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofac090

Castillo-Mancilla JR, Musinguzi N, Asiimwe S, et al. High residual inflammation despite HIV viral suppression: Lessons learned from real-time adherence monitoring among people with HIV in Africa. HIV Med. 2022;23(5):465-473. doi:10.1111/hiv.13200

Brooks KM, Castillo-Mancilla JR, Morrow M, et al. Predictors of 007 triphosphate concentrations in dried blood spots in persons with hepatitis C and active drug or alcohol use. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2022;77(5):1396-1403. doi:10.1093/jac/dkac051

Haukoos JS, Rowan SE, Galbraith JW, et al. The Determining Effective Testing in Emergency Departments and Care Coordination on Treatment Outcomes (DETECT) for Hepatitis C (Hep C) Screening Trial: rationale  and design of a multi-center pragmatic randomized clinical trial of hepatitis C  screening in emergency departments. Trials. 2022;23(1):354. doi:10.1186/s13063-022-06265-1

Bowman ER, Wilson M, Riedl KM, et al. Lipidome Alterations with Exercise Among People With and Without HIV: An Exploratory Study. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. Published online April 21, 2022. doi:10.1089/AID.2021.0154

Bai X, Buckle AM, Vladar EK, et al. Author Correction: Enoxaparin augments alpha-1-antitrypsin inhibition of TMPRSS2, a promising drug combination against COVID-19. Sci Rep. 2022;12(1):6466. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-10890-w

Cook P, Jankowski C, Erlandson KM, Reeder B, Starr W, Flynn Makic MB. Low- and High-Intensity Physical Activity Among People with HIV: Multilevel Modeling Analysis Using Sensor- and Survey-Based Predictors. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2022;10(4):e33938. doi:10.2196/33938

Bago B, Kovacs M, Protzko J, et al. Situational factors shape moral judgements in the trolley dilemma in Eastern, Southern and Western countries in a culturally diverse sample. Nat Hum Behav. Published online April 14, 2022. doi:10.1038/s41562-022-01319-5

Beatty NL, Forsyth CJ, Gilman RH, et al. Neglected Testing for Neglected Tropical Diseases at the CDC. Am J Trop Med Hyg. Published online April 12, 2022:tpmd220222. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.22-0222

Oliveira VHF, Erlandson KM, Cook PF, et al. The High-Intensity Exercise Study to Attenuate Limitations and Train Habits in Older Adults With HIV (HEALTH): A Research Protocol. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2022;33(2):178-188. doi:10.1097/JNC.0000000000000276

Masters MC, Yang J, Lake JE, et al. Diabetes mellitus is associated with declines in physical function among men with and without HIV. AIDS. 2022;36(5):637-646. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000003160

Hauschild BC, Burnside HC, Gray BA, et al. Characteristics of the Audience Reached by the National Network of Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinical Prevention Training Centers and Correlation With  Sexually Transmitted Infection Rates, 2015 to 2020. Sex Transm Dis. 2022;49(4):313-317. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001590

Deminice R, Oliveira VHF, Webel AR, Erlandson KM. Sarcopenia Related to Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Protective Effects of Exercise. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2022;50(2):73-80. doi:10.1249/JES.0000000000000282

Barr EA, Raybin JL, Dunlevy H, Abuogi L, Jones J. Transition From Pediatric and Adolescent HIV Care to Adult HIV Care and the Patient-Provider Relationship: A Qualitative Metasynthesis. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2022;33(2):132-154. doi:10.1097/JNC.0000000000000239

Solomon SS, Wagner-Cardoso S, Smeaton L, et al. A minimal monitoring approach for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection (ACTG A5360 [MINMON]): a phase 4, open-label, single-arm trial. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2022;7(4):307-317. doi:10.1016/S2468-1253(21)00397-6

Nakayama T, Lee IT, Le W, et al. Inflammatory molecular endotypes of nasal polyps derived from White and Japanese populations. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2022;149(4):1296-1308.e6. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2021.11.017

Molina KC, Bajrovic V, Bonomo RA. Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in solid organ transplantation: Tip of the iceberg? Transpl Infect Dis. 2022;24(2):e13780. doi:10.1111/tid.13780

Miller EK, Goldberg AM, Janoff EN, et al. Designing and implementing methodology for double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials using blood products within the Department of Veterans Affairs. Clin Trials. 2022;19(2):137-145. doi:10.1177/17407745211069703

Goodman A, Patten L, Castillo-Mancilla J, Zimmer S, Madinger N, Frasca K. Factors Associated with Retention and Adherence in a Comprehensive, Diverse HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Clinic. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2022;38(4):327-335. doi:10.1089/AID.2021.0130

de Graaf DM, Teufel LU, Joosten LAB, Dinarello CA. Interleukin-38 in Health and Disease. Cytokine. 2022;152:155824. doi:10.1016/j.cyto.2022.155824

Aronsohn AI, Bhattacharya D, Morgan TR, Wyles DL, Chung RT, McQuillen DP. Reply. Hepatology. 2022;75(4):1055-1056. doi:10.1002/hep.32257

Capin JJ, Wilson MP, Hare K, et al. Prospective telehealth analysis of functional performance, frailty, quality of life, and mental health after COVID-19 hospitalization. BMC Geriatr. 2022;22(1):251. doi:10.1186/s12877-022-02854-6

Psomas CK, Hoover DR, Shi Q, et al. POLYPHARMACY IS ASSOCIATED WITH FALLS IN WOMEN WITH AND WITHOUT HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. Published online March 25, 2022. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000002955

Bai X, Buckle AM, Vladar EK, et al. Enoxaparin augments alpha-1-antitrypsin inhibition of TMPRSS2, a promising drug combination against COVID-19. Sci Rep. 2022;12(1):5207. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-09133-9

Davis AJ, Greene M, Siegler E, et al. Strengths and Challenges of Various Models of Geriatric Consultation for Older Adults Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Clin Infect Dis. 2022;74(6):1101-1106. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab682

Wilkin T, Chen H, Sahasrabuddhe V, et al. A randomized clinical trial of HPV test-and-treat as compared to cytology-based screening for prevention of cervical cancer among women living with HIV: AIDS  Clinical Trials Group Protocol A5282. Clin Infect Dis. Published online March 16, 2022:ciac213. doi:10.1093/cid/ciac213

Galbraith MD, Kinning KT, Sullivan KD, et al. Specialized interferon action in COVID-19. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2022;119(11). doi:10.1073/pnas.2116730119

O’Brien KK, Brown DA, Bergin C, et al. Long COVID and episodic disability: advancing the conceptualisation, measurement and knowledge of episodic disability among people living with Long COVID -  protocol for a mixed-methods study. BMJ Open. 2022;12(3):e060826. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-060826

Diaz Del Valle F, Zakrajsek JK, Min SJ, et al. Impact of Airline Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Respiratory Health and Lung Function Decades After Exposure Cessation. Chest. Published online March 7, 2022:S0012-3692(22)00416-0. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2022.02.049

Looby SE, Kantor A, Burdo TH, et al. Factors Associated with Systemic Immune Activation Indices in a Global Primary Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Cohort of People with HIV on Antiretroviral  Therapy. Clin Infect Dis. Published online March 2, 2022:ciac166. doi:10.1093/cid/ciac166

Gorse GJ, Rattigan SM, Kirpich A, et al. Influence of Preseason Antibodies Against Influenza Virus on Risk of Influenza Infection Among Healthcare Personnel. J Infect Dis. 2022;225(5):891-902. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiab468

Abuogi LL, Castillo-Mancilla J, Hampanda K, et al. Tenofovir Diphosphate in Dried Blood Spots in Pregnant and Postpartum Women With HIV in Kenya: A Novel Approach to Measuring Peripartum Adherence. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2022;89(3):310-317. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000002859

Smith L, Letendre S, Erlandson KM, Ma Q, Ellis RJ, Farhadian SF. Polypharmacy in older adults with HIV infection: Effects on the brain. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2022;70(3):924-927. doi:10.1111/jgs.17569

Schröder A, Lunding LP, Zissler UM, et al. IL-37 regulates allergic inflammation by counterbalancing pro-inflammatory IL-1 and IL-33. Allergy. 2022;77(3):856-869. doi:10.1111/all.15072

Satyanarayana G, Enriquez KT, Sun T, et al. Coinfections in Patients With Cancer and COVID-19: A COVID-19 and Cancer Consortium (CCC19) Study. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022;9(3):ofac037. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofac037

Molina KC, Miller MA, Mueller SW, Van Matre ET, Krsak M, Kiser TH. Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Dalbavancin. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2022;61(3):363-374. doi:10.1007/s40262-021-01088-w

Lunding LP, Skouras DB, Vock C, Dinarello CA, Wegmann M. The NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor, OLT1177(®) , ameliorates experimental allergic asthma in mice. Allergy. 2022;77(3):1035-1038. doi:10.1111/all.15164

Freddo AM, Mathur S, Dunlevy H, Jaggers J, Khanna A. Endocarditis Caused by Candida parapsilosis Presenting With Severe Thrombocytopenia in a Patient With Tetralogy of Fallot. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2022;13(2):245-247. doi:10.1177/21501351211008839

Winglee K, Hill AN, Belknap R, Stout JE, Ayers TL. Variability of interferon-γ release assays in people at high risk of tuberculosis infection or progression to tuberculosis disease living in the United States. Clin Microbiol Infect. Published online February 18, 2022:S1198-743X(22)00094-5. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2022.02.020

Montague BT, Wipperman MF, Hooper AT, et al. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgA Identifies Asymptomatic Infection in First Responders. J Infect Dis. 2022;225(4):578-586. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiab524

Jennings L, Robbins RN, Nguyen N, et al. Tenofovir diphosphate in dried blood spots predicts future viremia in persons with HIV taking antiretroviral therapy in south africa. AIDS. Published online February 15, 2022. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000003185

Erlandson KM, Fitch KV, McCallum SA, et al. Geographical Differences in the Self-Reported Functional Impairment of People with HIV and Associations with Cardiometabolic Risk. Clin Infect Dis. Published online February 15, 2022:ciac098. doi:10.1093/cid/ciac098

Adu-Ampratwum D, Pan Y, Koneru PC, et al. Identification and Optimization of a Novel HIV-1 Integrase Inhibitor. ACS Omega. 2022;7(5):4482-4491. doi:10.1021/acsomega.1c06378

Hoke KL, Zimmer SL, Roddy AB, Ondrechen MJ, Williamson CE, Buan NR. Reintegrating Biology Through the Nexus of Energy, Information, and Matter. Integr Comp Biol. 2022;61(6):2082-2094. doi:10.1093/icb/icab174

Chastain DB, Rao A, Yaseyyedi A, Henao-Martínez AF, Borges T, Franco-Paredes C. Cerebral Cryptococcomas: A Systematic Scoping Review of Available Evidence to Facilitate Diagnosis and Treatment. Pathogens. 2022;11(2). doi:10.3390/pathogens11020205

Abdo M, Wu X, Sharma A, et al. Regional Differences in Risk of Recurrent Falls Among Older U.S. Women and Men with HIV in the HIV Infection, Aging, and Immune Function Long-Term Observational  Study. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. Published online February 2, 2022. doi:10.1089/AID.2021.0162

Ren DM, Abrams A, Banigan M, et al. Evaluation of Communication and Safety Behaviors During Hospital-Wide Code Response Simulation. Simul Healthc. 2022;17(1):e45-e50. doi:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000575

Ortiz-Martínez Y, Rodríguez-Morales AJ, Henao-Martínez AF. Decreased notification of TB cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2022;26(2):177-178. doi:10.5588/ijtld.21.0651

Dhindsa S, Ghanim H, Jenkins T, et al. High prevalence of subnormal testosterone in obese adolescent males: reversal with bariatric surgery. Eur J Endocrinol. 2022;186(3):319-327. doi:10.1530/EJE-21-0545

Chai PR, Mohamed Y, Bustamante MJ, et al. DigiPrEP: A Pilot Trial to Evaluate the Feasibility, Acceptability, and Accuracy of a Digital Pill System to Measure PrEP Adherence in Men Who Have Sex With Men  Who Use Substances. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2022;89(2):e5-e15. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000002854

Teufel LU, Arts RJW, Netea MG, Dinarello CA, Joosten LAB. IL-1 family cytokines as drivers and inhibitors of trained immunity. Cytokine. 2022;150:155773. doi:10.1016/j.cyto.2021.155773

Summer SS, Jenkins T, Inge T, Deka R, Khoury JC. Association of diet quality, physical activity, and abdominal obesity with metabolic syndrome z-score in black and white adolescents in the US. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2022;32(2):346-354. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2021.10.021

Novak AR, Krsak M, Kiser TH, et al. Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Cefazolin in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Critically Ill Patients. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022;9(2):ofab649. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofab649

Lundgren JD, Grund B, Barkauskas CE, et al. Responses to a Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody for Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 According to Baseline Antibody and Antigen Levels : A Randomized  Controlled Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2022;175(2):234-243. doi:10.7326/M21-3507

Kamis KF, Wyles DL, Minturn MS, et al. Hepatitis C Testing and Linkage to Care Among Adults on Probation in a Large US City. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022;9(2):ofab636. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofab636


Jolley S, Nordon-Craft A, Wilson MP, et al. Disparities in the allocation of inpatient physical and occupational therapy services for patients with COVID-19. J Hosp Med. 2022;17(2):88-95. doi:10.1002/jhm.12785

Frost HM, Munsiff SS, Lou Y, Jenkins TC. Simplifying outpatient antibiotic stewardship. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2022;43(2):260-261. doi:10.1017/ice.2020.1409

Frank DN, Qiu Y, Cao Y, et al. A dysbiotic microbiome promotes head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Oncogene. 2022;41(9):1269-1280. doi:10.1038/s41388-021-02137-1

van de Veerdonk FL, Renga G, Pariano M, et al. Anakinra restores cellular proteostasis by coupling mitochondrial redox balance to autophagy. J Clin Invest. 2022;132(2). doi:10.1172/JCI144983

Rowan SE, McCormick DW, Wendel KA, et al. Lower Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among People Experiencing Homelessness Tested in Outdoor Encampments Compared with Overnight Shelters - Denver,  Colorado, June - July 2020. Clin Infect Dis. Published online January 18, 2022. doi:10.1093/cid/ciac039

Barrett B, Nguyen DH, Xu J, et al. SAMHD1 Promotes the Antiretroviral Adaptive Immune Response in Mice Exposed to Lipopolysaccharide. J Immunol. 2022;208(2):444-453. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.2001389

Brijkumar J, Edwards JA, Johnson BA, et al. Comparing effectiveness of first-line antiretroviral therapy between peri-urban and rural clinics in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. HIV Med. Published online January 12, 2022. doi:10.1111/hiv.13231

Dyamenahalli K, Choy K, Frank DN, et al. Age and injury size influence the magnitude of fecal dysbiosis in adult burn patients. J Burn Care Res. Published online January 10, 2022:irac001. doi:10.1093/jbcr/irac001

Windsor WJ, Knight V, Merkel PA, et al. COVID-19 Serology Control Panel Using the Dried-Tube Specimen Method. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2022;106(2):562-565. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.21-1036

Odayar J, Orrell C, Phillips TK, et al. Use of tenofovir diphosphate levels to predict viremia during the postpartum period in women living with HIV: a nested case-control study. Clin Infect Dis. Published online January 3, 2022:ciab1068. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab1068

Windham S, Hirsch K, Peterson R, et al. The Predictive Potential of Elevated Serum Inflammatory Markers in Determining the Need for Intubation in CoVID-19 Patients. J Crit Care Med (Targu Mures). 2022;8(1):14-22. doi:10.2478/jccm-2021-0035

Wandling M, Cuschieri J, Kozar R, et al. Multi-center validation of the Bowel Injury Predictive Score (BIPS) for the early identification of need to operate in blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries. Injury. 2022;53(1):122-128. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2021.07.026

Shepard Z, Skorupa T, Espinoza L, Erlandson K, Damioli L. Coxiella burnetii Infection Associated With Thromboangiitis Obliterans-like Phenomena With Digital Autoamputation: A Case Report and Review of Q  Fever-Associated Autoimmunity. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022;9(1):ofab637. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofab637

Haukoos JS, White DAE, Rowan SE, et al. Development of a 2-step algorithm to identify emergency department patients for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. Am J Emerg Med. 2022;51:6-12. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2021.09.084

Frost HM, Lou Y, Keith A, Byars A, Jenkins TC. Increasing Guideline-Concordant Durations of Antibiotic Therapy for Acute Otitis Media. J Pediatr. 2022;240:221-227.e9. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.07.016

Franco-Paredes C. Transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 among fully vaccinated individuals. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022;22(1):16. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00768-4

Embi PJ, Levy ME, Naleway AL, et al. Effectiveness of two-dose vaccination with mRNA COVID-19 vaccines against COVID-19-associated hospitalizations among immunocompromised adults-Nine States,  January-September 2021. Am J Transplant. 2022;22(1):306-314. doi:10.1111/ajt.16641

Amo-Aparicio J, Garcia-Garcia J, Puigdomenech M, et al. Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome by OLT1177 induces functional protection and myelin preservation after spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2022;347:113889. doi:10.1016/j.expneurol.2021.113889

Vicente-Alcalde N, Ruescas-Escolano E, Franco-Paredes C, Tuells J. Control of a COVID-19 Outbreak in a Spanish Prison: Lessons Learned in Outbreak Control. Front Med (Lausanne). 2022;9:806438. doi:10.3389/fmed.2022.806438

McMahan RH, Hulsebus HJ, Najarro KM, et al. Age-Related Intestinal Dysbiosis and Enrichment of Gut-specific Bacteria in the Lung Are Associated With Increased Susceptibility to Streptococcus pneumoniae  Infection in Mice. Front Aging. 2022;3:859991. doi:10.3389/fragi.2022.859991

Guo K, Barrett BS, Mickens KL, et al. Interferon Resistance of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Variants. bioRxiv. Published online December 10, 2021:2021.03.20.436257. doi:10.1101/2021.03.20.436257

Kates OS, Haydel BM, Florman SS, et al. Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Solid Organ Transplant: A Multicenter Cohort Study. Clin Infect Dis. 2021;73(11):e4090-e4099. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa1097

Cummings DAT, Radonovich LJ, Gorse GJ, et al. Risk Factors for Healthcare Personnel Infection With Endemic Coronaviruses (HKU1, OC43, NL63, 229E): Results from the Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical  Trial (ResPECT). Clin Infect Dis. 2021;73(11):e4428-e4432. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa900

Yager JL, Brooks KM, Castillo-Mancilla JR, et al. Tenofovir-diphosphate in peripheral blood mononuclear cells during low, medium and high adherence to emtricitabine/ tenofovir alafenamide vs. emtricitabine/  tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. AIDS. 2021;35(15):2481-2487. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000003062

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